Den 12-23 mars 2018 äger FN:s årliga möte om kvinnors rättigheter rum i New York. Sveriges Kvinnoorganisationer har tillsammans med en rad organisationer skickat in ett skriftligt uttalande utifrån årets uppföljningstema Kvinnor och Media.
Commission on the Status of Women är det tillfälle då FN:s medlemsländer samlas i högkvarteret för att sätta mål och formulera konkreta åtgärder för att främja kvinnors rättigheter världen över. Nästa års huvudtema för mötet är Challenges and opportunities in achieving gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls.
Uppföljningstemat, som nästa år ska följa upp slutsatserna från den 47:e Kvinnokommissionen är: Participation in and access of women to the media, and information and communications technologies and their impact on and use as an instrument for the advancement and empowerment of women.
Inför Kvinnokommissionen har Sveriges Kvinnoorganisationer skickat in ett skriftligt uttalande till FN utifrån uppföljningstemat om Kvinnor och Media. Läs uttalandet nedan.
Written statement for the 62nd session of the Commission on the Status of Women, March 12-23 2018
Over the last 20 years the media landscape has dramatically changed. New information and communication technologies have contributed to the advancement and empowerment of women, but have also created new ways of exploiting women and girls. When reviewing the CSW 62 theme on Women and Media we call on UN Member States to address the new and increasing ways in which women’s lives are being restricted. In particular, there is a need to combat online hate speech and threats against women and girls, the increasing prevalence of sexual exploitation of women and girls, sexist advertising and pornography.
Women are still less visible in media than men. The figures have barely improved over the past two decades, despite the fact that the Beijing Platform for Action explicitly raises the issue. Men are still predominant among experts, whereas women more often are represented as the general public. The last Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) from 2015 shows that women are significantly less likely to be heard about or read about in news (24 percent). This has not improved since the previous report from 2010. Similar numbers are reflected in online news stories and tweets, which confirms the invisibility of women.
There is a general lack of sex-disaggregated statistics on the media sector. According to UNESCO, only 15 percent of UN Member States are collecting sex-disaggregated data on the media sector. Research and facts on gender inequalities in media are primarily dependent on studies conducted voluntarily by organizations within the civil society.
Financing for gender equality in media is crucial in order to meet the commitments of CEDAW and the Beijing Platform for Action as well as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Initiatives such as The Global Media Monitoring Project need stronger financial support in order to further develop consistent and comparable data on all countries, not only countries that participate voluntarily. Furthermore, The Global Alliance for Media and Gender (GAMAG) could be a vehicle for change, if properly financed and developed.
Equal participation and representation of women in media is vital for a democratic discourse and society. There is a need to implement the commitments and internationally agreed goals by States Parties to CEDAW and the Beijing Platform for Action which calls for combating stereotypes and giving women access to media. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development depend on the full participation of women and men in all areas of society, including the media. We must secure freedom of press and freedom of speech, since gender equality and freedom of expression are interconnected. Furthermore, it is essential to improve women’s leadership roles and working conditions in the media. In order for the content to be non-sexist and gender equal, the environment where it is produced has to be free from discrimination, harassment and abuse.
Stereotypical portrayal and sexualization of women in the media is a widespread problem, which is increasing as the media landscape changes and expands. Rape culture is prevalent on the Internet, as well as the sexualization and normalisation of male violence. Research show that that everyday exposure to sexually objectifying portrayals of women in media is associated with increased body dissatisfaction and self-objectification by girls and women, as well as greater support for sexist beliefs and higher tolerance of sexual violence against women.
Sexist advertising is particularly affecting the mental health of young women. In a study conducted by the Swedish Women’s Lobby in 2013, nine out of ten female respondents between 13 and 30 years of age answered that advertising has made them feel bad about their looks and that that it made them want to change something about themselves.
Online sexualized violence and pornography is an urgent issue to be addressed. Today, images of rape, sexual torture and degrading of women is available in every laptop and smart phone twenty-four hours a day. Violence in pornography has increased remarkably, while the consumers have become younger and younger. Research show that pornography normalizes sexual violence against women and girls, and that it limits healthy sexual relationships. Our children and future generations need to be able to develop their own sexuality, free from pornographic images of sex as connected to violence, humiliation and assaults.
Online hate speech, harassment and threats against women is rampant and have become an integral part of everyday lives of many women and girls. Online hate speech has serious consequences for the ability of individuals to communicate and act freely in society and is limiting women’s and girls’ lives. Women taking on a public role are more exposed to hateful speech and outright threats. This is a democratic problem which needs to be addressed.
Today women and girls all over the world live a big part of their lives through social media and on the Internet. But even though they are just as likely to be subjected to violence, exploitation and other crimes online as they are offline, there are hardly any tools to protect them and uphold their human rights. Unlike society at large, the world online world often lack regulations. These double standards and prevailing impunity are a betrayal of women and girls and needs to be urgently addressed.
We urge UN Member States to:
- Develop annual media barometers with goals, targets and indicators, based on consistent and comparable data that give tangible proof of the participation of women in the media in terms of recruitment, content, perspective etc.
- Ensure that goals include targets and indicators on participation in management and decision-making, the working conditions; such as gender equal wages and mechanisms to prevent sexual harassment and other forms of discrimination.
- Review how female journalists, elected officials, researchers and culture workers can be offered improved legal protection, especially when targeted by organized hate campaigns.
- Implement law enforcement procedures with a strong and concrete gender equality perspective to combat online hate speech and hate crimes.
- Strengthen the responsibility of providers of online communication platforms, both in relation to online sexist hate speech and the distribution of pornography and material displaying sexual exploitation of women and girls.
- Educate and train police officers and prosecutors in online hate speech, threats and other harassments from a gender equality perspective.
- Give public media distributors the task to ensure gender equality by implementing a model for participation and non-stereotypical representation that can also be used by private media actors.
- Implement legislative measures against sexist advertising as well as an obligation for the advertising industry to provide information on any retouching of images.
- Introduce Opt-in filters that block pornographic material as standard for all Internet providers. Consumers who want to access pornographic material should actively have to choose to remove the filter (Opt-out). Ensure porn-free school environments for children.
- Introduce age verification systems on all Internet sites providing pornographic material. In order to access pornographic material, it should be verified by a third party that the consumer is over 18 years old.
- Review how the distribution of online pornography can be limited by legislative measures
- Support evidence-based research and Civil Society Organization Programs on gender equality in media.
- Include mandatory gender training in programs and courses for journalists.
- Introduce education on media and ITC literacy as part of the school curriculum. Education should include gender equality awareness and an understanding how gender stereotyping has a negative impact on the achievement of gender equality overall. When people are trained to critically evaluate, use, consume and produce media information, they are empowered to participate effectively in the public debate.
The Swedish Women’s Lobby
Fredrika Bremer Association
The Girl Child Platform
The Left Federation of Swedish Women
The National Federation of Immigrant Women’s Associations
Roks, the National Organization for Women’s Shelters and Young Women’s Shelters in Sweden
European Women’s Lobby
Avrupa Kadin Lobisi Turkiye Koordinasyonu, Turkey
CLEF (Coordination française pour le Lobby Européen des Femmes)
Conseil National des Femmes du Luxembourg
Cyprus Women’s Lobby
Czech Women´s Lobby
Estonian Women’s Associations Roundtable
Hungarian Women’s Lobby
International Alliance of Women
International Alliance of Women
Lithuanian Women’s Lobby
Lobby Europeo de Mujeres en España- LEM España
Malta Confederation of Women’s Organisations (MCWO)
Nederlandse Vrouwen Raad (NVR) – Dutch Women’s Council
Nederlandstalige Vrouwenraad, Belgium
Romanian Women’s Lobby
The Medical women´s international association (MWIA)
The National Council of German Women’s Organizations
The Network of East – West Women, Poland
The Portuguese Platform for Women’s Rights
Women’s Network Croatia
Women’s NGOs Cooperation Network of Latvia
Women’s council flanders
Women’s Lobby of Slovenia
Läs mer om vad FN:s Kvinnokommission är här.